Samuel and Bryant

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  • Samuel & Bryant
    • Aim
      • Conservation
      • Children's thought process
    • Participants
      • 252 boys and girls from Devon schools and preschools age 5 - 8
        • 4 groups
          • A - 5 years
          • B - 6 years
          • C - 7 years
          • D - 8 years
    • Method
      • 4 groups were divided into 3 subgroups
      • Counters for numbers
        • 2 lines of counters close together - one line being spread out
      • Plasticine for Mass
        • 2 same size balls - one is squished
      • Liquid in a glass for volume
        • 2 same size glasses - one taller glass
      • Pre and Post transformation question
      • After Transformation question
      • Only saw objects after transformation when asked question
    • Findings (Mean number of errors)
      • A
        • Standard
          • 8.5
        • One Judgement
          • 7.3
        • Fixed array
          • 8.6
      • B
        • Standard
          • 5.7
        • Fixed Array
          • 6.4
        • One judgement
          • 4.3
      • C
        • Standard
          • 3.2
        • Fixed Array
          • 4.9
        • One judgement
          • 2.6
      • D
        • Standard
          • 1.7
        • One judgement
          • 1.6
        • Fixed Array
          • 3.3
    • Conclusion
      • Children have a better understand of conservation as they get older
      • Children perform better if they are asked one question after the transformation

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