Music - Samba Em Preludio by Esperanza Spalding

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  • Created by: 13pattenp
  • Created on: 10-11-17 11:33
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  • Samba Em Preludio - Esperanza Spalding
    • Tonality
      • B minor
      • no modulations
    • Harmony
      • jazz harmonies
      • extended / altered / substitution chords
      • chromatic chords
      • perfect cadences
      • chord progressions often create descending chromatic movement in the bass
      • 16 bar chord sequence
      • delicate dissonance
      • no chords in verse 3
    • Stucture
      • Introduction - bars 1-3
      • Verse 1 - bars 4-19
      • Break - bars 19-22
      • Verse 2 - bars 23-54
      • Guitar solo - bars 55-88
      • Verse 3 - bars 89-104
      • Coda - DS to end
    • Key Information
      • written in 1962
      • range of a minor 10th
      • transcription
      • Portuguese lyrics
      • origionally written by Roberto Baden Powell Aquino and Vinicius de Moraes
    • Jazz Features
      • syncopation
      • improvisation
      • instrumental breaks
      • blue notes
      • crotchet triplets
      • one single key
      • jazz harmony
    • Latin American Features
      • bossa nova groove
      • guitar and voice
      • virtuosic guitar
      • Portuguese lyrics
    • Rhythm, Metre and Tempo
      • Starts with free tempo
      • in 4/4 metre
      • based on bossa nova rhythm
      • very syncopated
    • Instruments and Sonority
      • female, Portuguese vocals
      • nylon acoustic guitar
      • second guitar overdubbed for guitar solo
      • acoustic bass guitar
    • Melody
      • vocal melody opens by voicing broken chords/ arpeggios
      • syllabic throught
      • mostly stepwise movement
      • melody notes are often the highest extension of an extended chord
      • 2 main melodies, heard separately at first, then combined
    • Techniques
      • improvisation
      • rubato
      • trills and flourishes
      • plucked
      • guitar: double stopping and harmonic
    • Texture
      • mostly homophonic
      • sparse in places
      • some polyphonic parts
      • introduction is monophonic

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