Saddam Hussein's Rule in Iraq

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  • Saddam Hussein's Rule of Iraq
    • to maintain position
      • strength and violence
        • repression of Shiite muslims and kurds
          • proved freedom of religion as only an illusion
          • kurds suffered more than shiites
            • wanted to separate north Iraq and mak kurdistan
              • so they could rule themselves
              • saddam attacked them
                • killed
                  • leading figures
                    • exiled
                • exiled
                • got worse when separatists sided with iran in iran-iraq war
                  • 1988 - saddam ordered bombing of Kurdish town Halabja
                    • chemical weapons
                      • mustard gas
                      • syanide
                      • 5k killed
                      • 10k seriously injured
          • majority of government sunni muslims
            • saddam was sunni
      • acted quickly to ensure no opposition
        • within one week ordered a meeting for party members
          • identified 68 traitors
            • removed, tried for treason, excetuted
        • deported untrustable people
          • repression of Shiite muslims and kurds
            • proved freedom of religion as only an illusion
            • kurds suffered more than shiites
              • wanted to separate north Iraq and mak kurdistan
                • so they could rule themselves
                • saddam attacked them
                  • killed
                    • leading figures
                    • got worse when separatists sided with iran in iran-iraq war
                      • 1988 - saddam ordered bombing of Kurdish town Halabja
                        • chemical weapons
                          • mustard gas
                          • syanide
                          • 5k killed
                          • 10k seriously injured
              • majority of government sunni muslims
                • saddam was sunni
            • 200k Shiites to iran in 1980-81
      • quality of life
        • good
          • due to oil
        • education
          • free universities
          • high budgets
        • healthcare
          • best in gulf
          • high budgets
        • good electricity and water supply
        • good infrastructure
        • good road network
      • over 99% won election 1995
        • helped by propaganda
          • saw Egypt as traitors of arab world when they signed camp david chords with israel
            • Iraqi media portayed him as savior of arab world
          • statues of him erected all over Iraq for cult of personality
          • allowed people to call him Saddam instead of Hussein
            • seen as a father figure

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