Russia & the First World War

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  • Created by: Harry_123
  • Created on: 23-02-15 03:05
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  • Russia & the First World War
    • The Tsar
      • Role
        • Nicholas II took control of Russia's armed forces
          • If things went well he took the credit, if not he had to take the blame
            • He was responsible for the success/failure of Russia and couldn't blame anyone else
        • Recalled the Duma in 1915
          • Nicholas II took control of Russia's armed forces
            • If things went well he took the credit, if not he had to take the blame
              • He was responsible for the success/failure of Russia and couldn't blame anyone else
          • He still refused to share the power
            • The formation of the 'Progressive Bloc'
            • Zemgor group was set up to highlight the government's failures and hinted to other ways of ruling than Tsardom
    • Society
    • Economy
      • Food
        • Horses and fertiliseres were taken by the military
          • Made it much harder for peasants to sustain an agricultural output
        • Not an immediate problem
          • After 1916 production started to fall due to decrease in profits when trading
            • Inflation
              • The government spending increased
                • 4 million to 30 million roubles
              • Taxes were increased
              • The government borrowed heavily from abroad
              • Price of food and fuel quadrupled whilst pay only doubled
                • Food
                  • Horses and fertiliseres were taken by the military
                    • Made it much harder for peasants to sustain an agricultural output
                  • Not an immediate problem
                    • After 1916 production started to fall due to decrease in profits when trading
                      • Inflation
                        • The government spending increased
                          • 4 million to 30 million roubles
                        • Taxes were increased
                        • The government borrowed heavily from abroad
                        • Price of food and fuel quadrupled whilst pay only doubled
                          • Money was worth basically nothing
                    • The military had first claim on the food + transport + roads
                      • Military
                        • Fewer troops than Germany or France were sent to fight
                          • They had the largest army of all the countries fighting in the war
                        • They were victim to Russia's poor distribution of resources as the people were
                        • Managed to produce more shells than Germany
                        • Mutinies and desertion occured
                    • Hunger and famine was a problem during the war
                      • Food was wasted in unmovable train carts
                        • Cities suffered worse as they were so far away from the food production areas and relied on the transport of food
                      • Cities suffered worse as they were so far away from the food production areas and relied on the transport of food
                • Money was worth basically nothing
          • The military had first claim on the food + transport + roads
            • Military
              • Fewer troops than Germany or France were sent to fight
                • They had the largest army of all the countries fighting in the war
              • They were victim to Russia's poor distribution of resources as the people were
              • Managed to produce more shells than Germany
              • Mutinies and desertion occured
          • Hunger and famine was a problem during the war
            • Food was wasted in unmovable train carts
          • Transport
            • Railways had grown from 13,000 to 44,000 miles
            • The huge transportation of soldiers and supplies meant the trains broke down often
              • Caused the railways to virtually collapse
          • Rasputin
            • Role
              • Hatred of the Tsarist system focused on him
              • Effecivly became the government of Russia along side the Tsar's wife Alexandra
                • Caused many people to turn against the Tsar, allowing the country to be run by a 'German woman' and a debauched monk
              • Died by being shot in the head, poisoned, battered with a steel bar,  and thrown into the river Nwva
            • Self ordained holy man
            • Rarely washed/changed his clothes
            • His enemies called him the 'mad monk'
            • Importance
              • Reorganised the army's medical supply system
              • Showed common sense and administrative skills which Russia needed and their government officials lacked
              • A symbol that it was too late to save Tsardom
          • Parties & organisations
            • Union of Zemstvos
            • Union of Municipal Councils
              • Zemgor
                • Union of Zemstvos
            • Bolsheviks
              • Forced to flee as they were accused of being German agents due to not supporting the war effort
              • If the war went well they would have most probably have disappeared as a political force
            • Majority socialist parties abandoned their polices and committed themselves to the war effort

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