Romanian Orphan Studies

  • Created by: bubliere
  • Created on: 11-05-18 19:18
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  • Romanian Orphan Studies
    • Rutter's ERA study
      • Procedure
        • Assessed physical,cognitive & emotional well-being
          • At ages 6,8 & 11
        • 165 Romanian adoptees
        • Control group: 52 British adoptees
      • Findings
        • adopted >6 months= highest IQ (102)
        • Adopted >6 months= signs of disinhibted attachment
        • Adopted >2 years= lowest IQ (77)
    • Strengths
      • Real-life application
        • Langton
          • results changed how children are cared for in insitutuions
        • avoid large no. of caregivers
          • They have a key worker
            • allow child to form normal attachment
            • avoids development of dismemberment attachments
      • Fewer extraneous variables
        • high internal validity
        • other orphan studies had children who had been traumatised prior
          • confounding participant variables
            • Made it harder to analyse effects of institutionalisation
    • Weaknesses
      • Romanian Orphanages were atypical
        • unusual situational variables
          • so lacks generaliablity
        • results aren't applicable to institutions with higher quality care
        • They had extremely poor quality of care
      • Ethical issues
        • Bucharest earl intervention study
          • ethically wrong use extremely vulnerable children
          • no clear guardian that would act in the children's best interest
            • greater risk of being selected for convenience purposes
          • can't gain informed consent
    • Zeanah et al.'s Bucharest Early Intervention project
      • Procedure
        • 95 children aged 12-36 months
          • Spent most their lives in institutional care
        • Control group: 50 children who'd never been in institutional care
      • Findings
        • control group
          • 74% securely attached
          • >20% disinhibited attachment
        • Children in institutional care
          • 19% securely attached
          • 44% disinhibted attachment
          • 65% disorganised attahment
    • Effects of institutionalisation
      • Disinhibited attachment
        • equally friendly to strangers and well known people
        • Rutter said to was an adaption to living with many caregivers
          • during sensitive period
      • Mental retardation
        • can be reversed if adopted >6 months

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