- Roman surgery and anatomy
- Roman doctors learned a lot about the human body as they tended gladiators wounded in the amphitheatres.
- Dissection of humans was forbidden in the Roman empire, so Roman anatomists such as Galen had to rely mainly ondissections of animals to further their knowledge.
- Galen recommended dissecting monkeys that walked on two legs, like men.
- They used Galen's books to learn about the basic bone structure.
- They could do a large number of simple external operations, such as removing polyps up the nose and goitres from the neck.
- Romans developed new surgical and midwifery instruments
- They also developed the Caesarean section to remove a baby from the womb