Roman Surgery and Anatomy

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  • Roman surgery and anatomy
    • Roman doctors learned a lot about the human body as they tended gladiators wounded in the amphitheatres.
    • Dissection of humans was forbidden in the Roman empire, so Roman anatomists such as Galen had to rely mainly ondissections of animals to further their knowledge.
      • Galen recommended dissecting monkeys that walked on two legs, like men.
    • They used Galen's books to learn about the basic bone structure.
    • They could do a large number of simple external operations, such as removing polyps up the nose and goitres from the neck.
    • Romans developed new surgical and midwifery instruments
    • They also developed the Caesarean section to remove a baby from the womb


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