Roman Medicine

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  • Created by: Musa M
  • Created on: 01-06-13 21:43
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  • Roman Medicine
    • Roman Empire
      • The Roman Empire existed for nearly a thousand years.
        • The power was centralized as it had an advanced communication network.
          • The Romans grew wealthy and they used their wealth to build aqueducts, public baths and sewers.
      • They had a great belief in Gods.
    • Galen
      • He was born in Greece.
      • He was a doctor.
        • Studied medicine from the age of 17.
        • Studied in Alexandria, and was fluent in Latin and Greek.
      • He worked in an Asclepia in Greece.
      • He studied at a gladiators school.
      • He became doctor of Roman Emperor, Marcus Averlius.
      • He became a teacher to doctors.
      • He thought that dissection was important to learning about the human body.
        • He dissected human bodies in Alexandria.
          • Learnt that veins carried blood around the body.
      • He encouraged doctors to rely on observations of the patienrs symptoms.
      • He wrote over 500 books that were then used for the next 1500 years.
        • No one questioned Galen because the medieval church believed his teachings fit in with their teachings.
      • He believed in the four humours.
    • Military Hospitals
      • They built their first hospitals in order to take care of soldiers.
    • Treatments
      • Recommended by Pliny.
        • Unwashed wool for sores.
        • Boiled liver for sore eyes.
      • Herbal treatments.
      • Since many doctors were Greek they focused on re balancing the four humours and restoring the patient's natural heat.
    • Public Health
      • They believed that disease was caused by 'bad smells or bad air', 'bad water', 'swamps and marshes', 'being near sewage' and 'not keeping clean'.
        • The way of life for many Roman citizens was improved by its emphasis on public health and hygiene.
          • It was their observation of their soldiers that lead Rome to believe in the importance of Public Health.
            • They were a warrior race.
        • They thought of medicine as for 'weaklings' so most of their doctors came from Greece.
  • Factors
    • War
      • The need for a healthy army lead to Romans to think of public healthy.
      • The capture of slaves brought Greek doctors back to Rome.
      • They developed the earliest hospitals.
      • Anatomy and Surgery improved as they spent time treating war wounds.
  • Dissection was not allowed in Rome.
    • He thought that dissection was important to learning about the human body.
      • He dissected human bodies in Alexandria.
        • Learnt that veins carried blood around the body.
    • Had to rely on dissection of animals.
      • Books showed good knowledge of the bone structure. But not accurate.
      • He did experiments on pigs, by cutting up different parts of the spinal chord to show how the brain sends messages to muscles.
  • They built Aqueducts which carried fresh water to towns.
    • Public Health
      • They believed that disease was caused by 'bad smells or bad air', 'bad water', 'swamps and marshes', 'being near sewage' and 'not keeping clean'.
        • The way of life for many Roman citizens was improved by its emphasis on public health and hygiene.
          • It was their observation of their soldiers that lead Rome to believe in the importance of Public Health.
            • They were a warrior race.
        • They thought of medicine as for 'weaklings' so most of their doctors came from Greece.
    • Water pipes carried water around towns. Were made from lead and timber.
      • Sewers carried waste away from houses, toilets and baths and emptied into rivers.
    • Reservoirs stored water and distributed them to lead pipes.
    • Bath houses were made as places for washing, exercising. Water was changed weekly.
    • Forts had their own baths, water supply and toilets.
      • Private homes of the rich also had their own water supply.
    • Public toilets flushed by water.
    • The Romans grew wealthy and they used their wealth to build aqueducts, public baths and sewers.
  • Romans were excellent builders and organisers.
  • Errors Made By Galen
    • He thought that muscles attached to the bone in humans the same way it did in dogs.
    • He thought blood was created in the liver.
    • He thought blood flowed from one die of the heart to the other.
    • He thought the jaw was made up of two bones.
  • Surgery
    • Roman Medicine
      • Roman Empire
        • The Roman Empire existed for nearly a thousand years.
          • The power was centralized as it had an advanced communication network.
          • They had a great belief in Gods.
        • Galen
          • He was born in Greece.
          • He was a doctor.
            • Studied medicine from the age of 17.
            • Studied in Alexandria, and was fluent in Latin and Greek.
          • He worked in an Asclepia in Greece.
          • He studied at a gladiators school.
          • He became doctor of Roman Emperor, Marcus Averlius.
          • He became a teacher to doctors.
          • He encouraged doctors to rely on observations of the patienrs symptoms.
          • He wrote over 500 books that were then used for the next 1500 years.
            • No one questioned Galen because the medieval church believed his teachings fit in with their teachings.
          • He believed in the four humours.
        • Military Hospitals
          • They built their first hospitals in order to take care of soldiers.
        • Treatments
          • Recommended by Pliny.
            • Unwashed wool for sores.
            • Boiled liver for sore eyes.
          • Herbal treatments.
          • Since many doctors were Greek they focused on re balancing the four humours and restoring the patient's natural heat.
      • They  developed on c-sections as most mothers died whilst giving birth so it's thought they'd perform c-sections to save a baby from a dead mother.
      • Had no anesthetics, only herbal  anapestics.
      • Had no proof of successfully operating inside of the body.

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