Roman Britain- Law Enforcement, Society, Punishments and Courts/Trials

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  • Roman Britain-Summary
    • Law Enforcement
      • Roman G.MENT
        • STRONG  / CENTRALISED
      • Not based on religion
        • Based on  certain principles
          • Everyone had the right to know what the  laws were
      • 12 TABLETS OF LAW
        • Carved onto metal sheets in town/ city centres.
          • Children had to recite them by heart.
      • Those responsible for keeping the peace
        • The Pretorian Guard
          • Emperors household guards used in emergencies
        • The Urban Cohorts
          • worked in urban areas, stop riots. Didn't patrol any other time
        • The Vigiles
          • Patrolled streets at night to prevent cime.
        • The Aidiles
          • Make sure streets were clean and that waste wasn't dumped
            • Noone was sold underweight bread
    • Punishmments
      • Escalated due to severity of crime
        • Depends on your position in society
          • Major Crimes, eg mugging,assault
            • Cutting off of limbs
          • Minor Crimes, eg- petty theft
            • Flogging and Beating
          • Upper class avoid persecution for serious crimes EG- murder, arson etc
            • Sent into EXILE
            • made to pay payments of COMPENSATION
    • Courts and Trials
      • Innocent until proven guilty
      • Right to present evidence
      • Any citizen could bring a case to court
      • No money spent on police force
        • Victims  had to take the suspect to the local centurion who decides if case should be tried
          • Victims had to collect their own evidence
          • Provincial governor dealt with MOST SERIOUS crimes
      • CASES
        • Minor
          • Magistratesdealt with them in Local courts
            • Judge chosen wasn't a lawyer
            • BOTH sides presented evidence
            • Judge gave verdict
        • Major
          • Tried with a jury, decide  verdict

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