Gods in The Odyssey

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Roles of the Gods in "The Odyssey"
    • Athene
      • Odysseus' patron goddess
      • Helps Odysseus' family as well - concerned with his oikos
      • Deliberately absent on Aeaea and Ogygia
      • Puts ideas into mortals' heads
      • Does not want to upset or offend Poseidon
      • Helps Odysseus with disguises
    • Poseidon
      • Odysseus' enemy - hinders him most on his journey
      • Seeking revenge for Odysseus blinding his son Polyphemus
        • Several characters descend from him
      • Important god. Receives lots of sacrifices - Nestor, Phaeacians, Ethiopians
      • Appears in 5 + 13
    • Hermes
      • Messenger god.
      • Escorts souls to Hades
      • Helps Odysseus on Aeaea and Ogygia
    • Circe
      • Hinders and helps
      • Enhances desirability of Odysseus
      • Offers kleos
        • Relationship
        • Descent into Hades
      • Tempts Odysseus into staying
      • Uses up time - 1 year
        • Plot device
    • Zeus
      • Zeus Xenios
      • Blackmailed by Hyperion
      • Shipwrecks Odysseus in Book 12
      • God of Weather
      • Using Odysseus to punish the Suitors for their bad xenia
      • Odysseus favourite of Zeus
    • Hyperion
      • Blackmails Zeus to shipwreck Odysseus in Book 12
      • Final downfall for crew
    • Ino
      • Saves Odysseus in Book 5
        • Gives Odysseus the magic veil
    • River God
      • Helps Odysseus in Book 5
        • Slows the current so that he can swim upstream
    • Calypso
      • Symbolises temptation
        • Offers immortality to Odysseus
      • Helps and hinders Odysseus
      • Does not give kleos because nobody was there to witness the relationship
      • Uses up time - 7 years
        • Plot device - allows Suitors to become an issue
      • Illustrates hierarchy amongst the gods

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Classical Civilization resources:

See all Classical Civilization resources »See all The Odyssey resources »