role of education 2

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  • Created by: Lily
  • Created on: 11-04-13 19:08
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  • ROLE OF EDUCATION 2
    • THE MARXIST PERSPECTIVE based on the teachings of karl marx.
      • BELIEFS
        • Soceity is split into 2 classes
          • CAPITALIST CLASS - minority, own means to production, exploit workers, impose their values
          • WORKING CLASS - sell their labour, majority, brainwashed
      • LOUIS ALTHUSSER - "idelogical state apparatus"
        • REPRESSIVE STATE APPARATUS - physical force e.g army & police
          • EDUCATION - reproduces inequality and legitimises inequality
            • IDEALOGICAL STATE APPARATUS - instituions which "brainwash us"
        • IDEALOGICAL STATE APPARATUS - instituions which "brainwash us"
      • BOWLES & GINTIS "correspondence, principle and the hidden curriculum"
        • ROLE OF EDUCATION - produce an obdient, submissive workforce, mirroring the work place
        • CORRESPONDENCE PRINCIPLE "education is the mirror to work", operates through hidden curriculum
        • HIDDEN CURRICULUM - thibgs learnt but not taught e.g competition
        • MYTH OF MERITOCRACY, transmitted, makes it look like the rich earn their money
      • PAUL WILLIS "learning to labour"
        • THE LADS - school boring & meaningless, flount the rules
        • anti school counter culture = shop floor culture of manual work
        • COUNTER CULTURE = poor job, resist attempt to indoctrinate them
      • CRITICISMS
        • assumes pupils have no free will
        • Unrepresentative and ignores females
          • PAUL WILLIS "learning to labour"
            • THE LADS - school boring & meaningless, flount the rules
            • anti school counter culture = shop floor culture of manual work
            • COUNTER CULTURE = poor job, resist attempt to indoctrinate them
        • FEMINISTS - ignore patriarchy!
        • Ethnicity? Gender? Sexuality?
    • POSTMODERNIST PERSPECTIVE-western soceity has changed, faster, complex & diverse
      • BELIEFS
        • KENNETH THOMPSON schools different, education customised to meet the needs of students
        • ROBIN USHER - CONTRAST
          • EDUCATION IN MODERN SOCEITY
            • controlled by government
            • only takes place in school
            • students passive
            • one size fits all
          • EDUCATION IN POSTMOIDERN SOCEITY
            • diverse & customised
            • controlled by parents
            • flexible & lifelong
            • active learning!
      • CRITICISMS
        • too complex!
        • ethnicity?
        • gender?
        • sexuality?

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