role of education 1

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  • Created by: Lily
  • Created on: 11-04-13 18:42
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  • ROLE OF EDUCATION 1
    • FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE, share values and norms, help each other like organs in a body.
      • DURKHEIM - education = social solidarity & teaches special skills
        • SOCIAL SOLIDARITY "community", stablity, schools = minature societies (preparation)
        • SPECIALIST SKILLS - schools teach us to co-operate, specialist knowledge
      • PARSONS - MERITOCRACY "everyone given equal opportunity"
        • SCHOOL = FOCAL SOCIALISING AGENCY (bridge to wide sceity)
        • education = status acheived, universalistic standard. family = ascribed status, particularistic standards
        • Schools help children adapt to wider soceity
      • DAVIS & MORE - "ROLE ALLOCATION"
        • schools = select and allocate the best people
        • Education = "sifts and sorts"
      • BLAU & DUNCAN
        • A meritocractic system allocates the best roles for economic prosperity
      • CRITICISMS
        • soceity is unequal
        • DENNIS WONG "puppets on a string"
        • NEW RIGHT - better with no state control
    • NEW RIGHT PERSPECTIVE
      • BELIEFS
        • meritocracy is best
        • we dont need a state
        • education should socialise pupils into a "national identity" (shared values)
      • THEIR PROBLEMS
        • "one size fits all approach"
        • cosumers have no say!
        • schools waste money!
        • politicians enforce their view
      • TWO ROLES FOR THE STATE
        • FRAMEWORK - league tables, inspections
        • TRANSMIT - make sure schools transmit shared culture and a national identity
      • CHUBB & MOE - CONSUMER CHOICE "people using service are able to choose"
        • PROBLEMS - education fails to help lower class/ethnic + religious minorities. Doesnt produce students with necessary skills. Private schools are best!
        • MARKETISATION - hands of the consumer, schools compete to get money to do well
      • CRITICISMS
        • GEWIRTZ & BALL - marketisation fails poor
        • poverty = bad results
        • MARXISM - schools impose rich culture
        • contradictory - national curriculum

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