Role of the father

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  • Role of the father
    • Schaffer and Emerson (1964) found in only 3% of cases the father was the primary attachment
      • In 27% the father was the joint first object of attachment with the mother.
    • 75% eventually form secondary attachments with father
      • Determined by the whether the infant protested when the adult left
    • Attachment with mother most related to teen attachements
      • Grossman (2002) carried out a longitudinal study looking at parents' behaviour and its relationship to and its quality of attachments into teens
      • Results found attachment with father was less important in the attachment type of teenagers
      • Therefore fathers may be less important in long term emotional development
    • Fathers' play is more important
      • Research suggests the role of the father is less to do with nurturing and more to do with play.
      • Geiger (1996) suggested fathers are more playful, physically active and provide challenges.
      • 'Exciting playmate'
    • Fathers can be primary caregivers
      • There is evidence to suggest when fathers are the primary caregiver they adopt the behaviours typical of mothers
    • Level of response is most important
      • The key to attachment is the level of responsiveness and interaction between the baby and the parent
  • Easiest to remember


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