Role of Education

  • Created by: FCarter
  • Created on: 29-05-19 12:02
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  • Role of Education
    • Marxist
      • Louis Althusser - Reproduction of labour power theory
        • 1. The formal school curriculum reproduces the skills necessary for a technically efficient labour force of workers
        • 2. The informal hidden curriculum reproduces ruling class ideology necessary for a docile and submissive workplace
      • Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis: Correspondence theory
        • Research on 227 students in a New York high school
        • Learning to accept and obey a hierarchy of authority
        • Learning to find satisfaction in external rewards rather than work itself
        • Learning to believe that social inequality is just and legitimate
      • Neo-Marxist, Antonio Gramsci - Hegemony (1968)
        • Cultural dominance has enabled the ruling class to deal with any threats to its authority without having to use force
        • Dual Consciousness = beliefs only partly shaped by Capitalist ideology, as they are also influenced by their personal day-to-day experiences of society
          • These sometimes contradict dominant ideology and so encourage resistance to it
    • Functionalist
      • Emile Durkheim - Collective conscience
        • 1. The formal school curriculum teaches the next generation the sills necessary within the specialised division of labour required in Industrial MEDCs
        • 2. The hidden curriculum transmits core values in order to achieve a value consensus and a collective conscience
      • Talcott Parsons - Transition theory
        • Saw the classroom as a "microcosm of society"
        • This miniature society provides the training ground in which children can experience society beyond the family
          • This eases the transition from childhood to adulthood
      • Davis & Moore - Role allocation theory (1945)
        • Educational qualifications function to allocate individuals to an occupational role that suits their abilities
        • People's class position is a fair reflection of their talents
    • Postmodern
      • Those involved in education are aware of the issues and consciously act in ways to affect the outcome
      • Conflict and tension between education producers and education consumers
        • Education producers - tightly control, patrol, and police the education system
        • Education consumers - individualistic,heterogeneous
    • Social Action
      • Labelling theory
        • in order to make sense of each others actions, social actors tend to label each other
      • Banding, setting, and streaming
        • systems of allocating students to different teaching groups baed on their perceived ability
      • Self-fulfilling prophecy theory
        • people tend to act according to predictions made about their social behaviour
      • Pupil sub-culture theory
        • students form positive and/or negative sub-cultural groups within the educational institution

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