Role and Status of Women 1945-1990

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  • Role & Status of Women 1945-1990
    • 1945-1950's
      • Ideal Housewife
        • Nuclear Family
        • Feminine
        • single + pregnant looked down upon
        • Pressure of child bearing
      • New Pressures
        • Working + earning
        • Housework split more evenly
      • Work
        • 1950's women didn't work
        • Husband only source of income
      • Sex
        • More common to share bedroom
        • The Pill
      • Childbearing
        • Didn't have access to birth control
        • Society expected women t have children
    • 1960's & 1970's
      • "Second Wave of Feminism"
        • Rare to see women in higher paid jobs
        • Usually underpaid as secretaries, saleswomen, and factory workers
      • Equal Pay Act
        • President JFK
        • Passed 1963, prohibited pay discrimination based on gender
      • Renewed Civil rights Act
        • Women supported by President Johnson
        • Adding gender to list of discrimination when applying for a job/working
      • NOW
        • National Organisation for Women
        • Founded by Betty Freidman and Gloria Steinham
          • Betty catalyzed feminist movement questioning women's roles
        • Rights on abortion, domestic violence, same educational opportunities
        • Around 200,000 members through this time
      • Miss America Protest
      • Change in Fashion
        • Stopped wering makeup (feminists)
        • "The new woman" - vogue etc.
      • Equal Rights Ammendment
        • Attempt to pass in 1972
          • Received 3 less votes then required
        • completely secured halt on discrimination against women
    • 1980s
      • 1986
        • Oprah Winfrey Show premiered
      • 1984
        • Geraldine Ferraro first female VP candidate (Walter Mondale)
      • 1983
        • Sally Ride youngest person and first woman in space
      • 1981
        • Sandra Day O'Connor first female Supreme Court judge approved unanimously

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