- Robert Chester
- Extent and importance of family diversity has been exaggerated
- Sees nuclear family as being dominant, recognises traditional nuclear family has changed to 'neo-conventional'
- Neo-conventional = both spouses go out to work, division of labour > equal
- Argues 'family diversity' is more of passing of time i.e. life cycle than people choosing new family arrangements
- RAPOPORTS - argue this is not true, diversity is very important to understand family life today