Robbery

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  • Created by: Tom Ower
  • Created on: 04-05-13 14:44
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  • Robbery
    • Definition
      • Robbery is defined in S.8 (1) of the Theft Act 1968 which states:
        • 'A person is guilty of robbery If he steals, and immediately before or at the time of doing so, and in order to do so, he uses force on any person or puts or seeks to put any person in fear of being then and there subjected to force.'
    • Actus reus
      • The theft must be complete
        • Corocan v Anderton 1980
          • D does not have to successfully gain as long as appropriation occurred at some point.
      • Force or threat of force on the victim
        • R v Dawson and James 1976
          • The force can be minimal: mere jostling or the slightest push.
        • R v Clouden 1987
          • Force applied to a shopping basket when it was snatched from V amounted to indirect force.
        • D must either put V in fear or seek to put the V in fear.
      • Force must occur immediately before or at the time of the theft
    • Mens rea
      • Mens rea for theft must be present
        • S2: Dishonest
        • S6: Intention to permanently deprive  the other of it
      • There must be an intention to use force or a threat of force on the V in order to steal

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