- River processes
- Long profile
- How shallow or deep a river is.
- How narrow or wide a river is.
- The material that the river is carrying.
- The amount of water that passes a particular point and time in a river
- the slope of the river profile.
- The wearing away of rock & soil found along the river bed & banks
- Hydraulic Action - water pounds into river bed & banks & dislodges material.
- Abrasion - Force of moving water throws the stones the river is carrying and dislodges more.
- Attrition - when stones that are being carried downstream knock against each other and wear down.
- Solution - when weak acid in the water reacts with rock and dissolves soluble minerals.
- Solution - Minerals are dissolved in the water & carried along in solution.
- Suspension - Fine light material is carried along in the water.
- Saltation - Small pebbles and stones are bounced along the river bed.
- Traction - Large boulders & rocks are rolled along the river bed.
- The Drainage Basin
- Source - Starting point of a river, at the top of a hill
- Confluence - the point where two rivers meet.
- Water shed - the boundary separating one drainage basin from another.
- River Channel - main body of water flowing downhill.
- Mouth - the place where the river flows into the sea.
- Tributary - Small river or stream that joins a bigger river.
- Drainage basin - the area of land drained by a river and its tributaries
- Long profile
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