Drought Case Study

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  • Drought
    • Developing Country: Namibia
      • Impact on people
        • 2013 was drought for 30 years
        • 1 in 3 people at risk of malnutrition
        • 778,000 people severely food insecure
        • Harvest yield 42% less than 2012 => severe food shortage
        • Wells dried up
      • Impact on the Environment
        • great impact on savannah ecosystem
        • Changed to inedible grasses
        • Areas changing from savannah grasslands => deserts => lack of rainfall
        • Cattle can't graze on this grass
      • Responses by the Government
        • In May, President declared state of emergency
        • $ 1 million requested in international support
        • £13 million pledged for worst-hit households
        • Ministry of Agriculture said to farmers => sell livestock => pay transportation to emergency grazing area
      • Responses by organisations
        • UNICEF appealed for $17 million for women and children
        • International Red Cross for $1.5 million
        • Algeria donated $1 million in food aid
      • Responses by Individuals
        • Farmers forced to sell livestock
        • People migrated to towns in search of work
        • 350 people in a village left to search for water and grazing land for their cattle
    • Developed Country: California
      • Impact on People
        • Farmers use 80% of water => no water
          • Crops die
          • Fewer crops
          • Less food for people
        • 17000 jobs in farming lost
        • Prices rose by 6%
      • Impact on Environment
        • Wildfires
        • No fishing
        • No salmon if water is warm
        • Better grape harvest => better wine
      • Responses by Organisations
        • New laws to prevent water on tables in restaurants
        • Hotel guests reuse towels => less washing
        • Developing better methods of coping
      • Responses by Individuals
        • Farmers pumped water for extra $453
        • Asked to use water sparingly
        • Farmers planted fewer crops

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