Rio de Janeiro

Notes on Rio de Janeiro

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  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Causes of urbanisation
      • Push factors:
        • lack of umemployment oppurtunities
        • poor crop yields
      • Pull factors:
        • better jobs in the city
        • better standard of living
        • more reliable food
      • people moving to cities tend to be younger: higher birth rates
      • better medical conditions; higher life expectancy/more successful births
      • Problems:
        • unplanned housing: squatter settlements/ shanty towns
        • stress on infrastructure/city services
        • pollution
        • urban waste
    • Megacities
      • over 10 million people
      • 34 in world
      • top 10 mostly east Asia
    • Facts/Info
      • 6.5 million (city)
        • 12.5 million (surrounding)
      • Sugar Loaf Mountain, Guanabara Bay, Christ the Redeemer
      • South America
    • Favelas
    • Improvements for favelas
      • Favela Bairro
        • Positives:
          • secure hillsides
          • new facilities
          • new roads
          • offered mortgages
          • higher value homes
          • water connections
          • training for locals
        • Negatives:
          • maintaining costs are high
          • no public transport
          • no increase in employment - poor literacy
          • relies on outside funding
          • no funding for problem fixing
      • UPP
        • Positives:
          • lower unemployment
          • murder rates fallen
          • most residents happy
          • increased property values in pacified areas
          • outposts set up
        • Negatives:
          • no follow-ups
          • tensions
          • lack of funding
          • violence
  • stress on infrastructure/city services
  • 6.5 million (city)
    • 12.5 million (surrounding)

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