Right Realism

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  • Right Realism
    • Solutions
      • Welfare benefits
      • Community benefits
      • Financial incentives to get married (tax breaks)
      • Wilson and Kelling's article 'Broken Windows' argues it is essential to maintain the orderly character of the neighbourhoods to prevent crime taking hold e.g. graffiti/vandalism is dealt with immediately
      • 'Zero Tolerance' - Police towards prostitution, begging and drunkenness, the role of the Police is to control the streets so law abiding citizens can stay safe
      • Crime prevention policies should reduce the rewards and incorporate costs to the offended. Punish the offenders more harshly to deter them from committing more crime
    • Right Realism and Social Policy
      • Situational Crime Prevention
        • Felson gives an eg of a situational crime prevention strategy: The Port Authority Bus Terminal was poorly designed and provided opportunities for deviant conduct e.g. toilets were a setting for luggage thefts. They reshaped the physical environment to 'design crime out', reduced activity e.g. large sinks where homeless bathed were replaced by small hand basins
      • Environmental Crime Prevention
        • Wilson and Kelling's key idea is that disorder and the absence of control leads to crime. They use a two fold strategy.
          • First and environmental improvement strategy; any broken windows must be repaired immediately otherwise more will follow and the neighbourhood will be on the slide
          • Secondly, police must pro-actively tackle even the slightest sign of disorder instead of just reacting to it. This will halt neighbourhood decline and prevent serious crime taking root.
    • Criticisms
      • Focuses on opportunistic petty street crime and ignores white collar
      • Assumes criminals make rational calculations which seems unlikely in crimes committed under influence of drugs/alcohol
      • Ignores root causes of crime such as poverty or poor socialisation
      • Displacement may occur: Spatial - moving elsewhere to commit crime, Temporal - committing at a different time, Target - choosing a different victim, Functional - committing a different type of crime
    • Pos: Takes on a more realistic view of crime and deviance and comes up with pragmatic solutions


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