Right Realism

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  • Right Realism
    • Key features
      • 1. Value consensus and shared morality underpin society
        • Social order is crucial and people should be able to live without fear of crime
      • 2. People are naturally selfish
        • People are essentially self-seeking and have a natural tendency to take short cuts and commit crime
      • 3. Rational choice and oppertunity
        • People are rational - they weigh up the costs against the benefits of any action they may take
      • 4. Community control
        • The most effective form of crime control is strenghtening the bond of community
      • 5. Crime will always exist
        • The greed and selfishness of some will always slip through the controls of society
    • Wilson (1985)
      • Argues that attempts to tackle crime are pointless and the best solution is to lessen the impact of it on people's lives
    • The Broken Windows thesis
      • Wilson and Kelling (1982) suggest that unless incivilities are kept to a minimum there will be a gradual deterioration of neighbourhoods with growing anti social behaviour as a sense of 'anything goes' develops
    • Evaluation
      • Ignores white collar and corporate crime
      • Suggests a strong police prescence will reduce crime
      • Assumes offenders act rationally, but many are impulsive
      • Doesn't address the wider structural causes of crime
      • Recognises the importantance of community control and community response to crime in affecting crime levels
      • Recognises that if minor problems such as anti social behaviour are ignored they could develop into more serious crime
      • Addresses the immediate causes of crime and provides policies for reduction


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