Richard FitzNigel and the Dialogue of the Exchequer

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  • Richard FitzNigel and the Dialogue of the Exchequer
    • The Exchequer
      • Reform was dependent on an efficient accounting system
      • Although the Exchequer had functioned under Stephen, it's expertise had almost vanished.
        • Henry turned to the reign of his grandfather, Henry I, and requested his treasurer, BISHOP NIGEL OF ELY, came out of retirement.
          • By his death in 1169, the Exchequer was working to the full efficiency that it was under Henry I.
    • Richard FitzNigel
      • Henry II appointed Bishop Nigel's son, Richard, treasurer sometime before 1160.
        • In 1189, he became Bishop of London and remained treasurer until his death in 1198.
          • This meant that THREE GENERATIONS of the same family were at the heart of royal administration for the best part of 100 years.
            • Dialogue of the Exchequer
              • Richard FitzNigel
                • Henry II appointed Bishop Nigel's son, Richard, treasurer sometime before 1160.
                  • In 1189, he became Bishop of London and remained treasurer until his death in 1198.
                    • This meant that THREE GENERATIONS of the same family were at the heart of royal administration for the best part of 100 years.
                      • Dialogue of the Exchequer
                        • Richard WROTE A GUIDE to Exchequer practice in the form of convrsation between master and student (DISCIPLE). This expalained the workings of the Exchequer.
                          • PIONEERING
                            • First attempt anywhere in medieval Europe to explain administrative practices.
                              • From this, we know that twice a year, treasury officials met with senior officials from the chancery, the chamber and the constables department, along with members of the King's inner council.
                                • Allowed ROYAL WILL to be discharged without CONFUSION BETWEEN DEPARTMENTS
                        • The audits of the sheriffs accounts were written up on the pipe rolls with INTENSE DETAIL
                          • Taxes, aids, debts, fines and rental income were all accounted for. Debts could be paid in installments if desired.
                            • A debtor, Bertram of Bulmer, for example, owed £14 in 1159 but still owned over £9 on his death.
                              • This debt was carefully recorded on the rolls for 19 years
              • Richard WROTE A GUIDE to Exchequer practice in the form of convrsation between master and student (DISCIPLE). This expalained the workings of the Exchequer.
                • PIONEERING
                  • First attempt anywhere in medieval Europe to explain administrative practices.
                    • From this, we know that twice a year, treasury officials met with senior officials from the chancery, the chamber and the constables department, along with members of the King's inner council.
                      • Allowed ROYAL WILL to be discharged without CONFUSION BETWEEN DEPARTMENTS
              • The audits of the sheriffs accounts were written up on the pipe rolls with INTENSE DETAIL
                • Taxes, aids, debts, fines and rental income were all accounted for. Debts could be paid in installments if desired.
                  • A debtor, Bertram of Bulmer, for example, owed £14 in 1159 but still owned over £9 on his death.
                    • This debt was carefully recorded on the rolls for 19 years

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