London Docklands

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  • The London Docklands development
    • Aims of London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC)
      • to improve social conditions by creating new housing and improving shopping facilities
      • to improve economic conditions by creating new jobs and improving the transport system
      • to improve environmental conditions by reclaiming derelict land, planting trees and creating areas of open space
    • Causes of Decline
      • by 1981 larger ships could no longer reach the port of London
      • by 1981 the area had very few jobs, the docks had closed, over half the land derelict, and a lack of basic services and open space
      • the docklands were difficult to get to due to poor transport
    • Social Regeneration (housing)
      • over 19,800 new homes built
      • 7,900 council houses were refurbished
      • proportion of owner occupied houses increased from 5% to 40%
    • Environmental Regeneration
      • 728 hectares of derelict land reclaimed
      • 160,00 new trees planted
      • 17 conservation areas created
      • 130,00 hectares of open space created
    • Social Regeneration (facilities)
      • new shopping centers developed together with a technical college, a national indoor sports centre and several new parks
      • almost £100 million has been spent on health and education
    • Economic Regeneration (jobs and industry)
      • number of businesses has doubled between 19181 and 1996
      • between 1981 and 1996 employment increased from 27,000 to 69,00
      • unemployment has fallen from 14.2% to 9.5%
    • Economic Regeneration (transport)
      • improved transport links means that London can now be reached within 10 minutes
      • The Docklands light railway is connected to the underground system and carries 320,00 passengers a week
    • Success or Failure?
      • new houses were too expensive for  local people
      • more money spent on offices and  houses than hospitals and care for the elderly
      • most new jobs went to the people living outside the area


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