AUGUSTUS RESTORATION OF ORDER

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  • RESTORATION OF ORDER
    • January 29 BC- gates to temple of Janus closed.
    • on return in August 29- celebrated a three-day triumph for victories at Actium, Illyricum and Egypt.
    • CREATION OF FINANCIAL STABILITY
      • paid off all own debts, .
      • attempted to rehabilitate senators who had suffered financially
      • interest rate reduced by two thirds.
    • INDICATION THAT PEACE WAS TO CONTINUE
      • Reduced sixty legions to 28
      • settled 120,000 veterans in colonies in Italy and overseas- pensions paid in full and paid cash himself.
    • NO VENGEANCE IN FORM OF PROSCRIPTIONS
      • annulled illegal acts of triumvirate- amnesty for those proscribed in 43.
    • EMPHASIS ON TRADITIONAL AND CONSERVATIVE ACTIVITIES
      • became an auger- right to appoint members of priestly colleges. - re-established religious rites and ceremonies.
      • attempted to restore respect for senate by removing unworthy members.
    • PROVISION FO DIVERSIONS AND EMPLOYMENT FOR THE PEOPLE
      • spent money on games and entertainment- hand outs of grain etc.
      • began the building program- roads, temples etc. provided employment.
    • USE OF PROPAGANDA
      • writers such as Virgil- promising a golden age. e.g. the Aeneid and his Eclogues.
    • NO ACCEPTANCE OF EXCEPTIONAL HONOURS OR POWERS
      • held consulship on equal terms with his colleague- consuls spent full time in Rome.
      • avoided office of censor due to power it had previously held on senate BUT carried out census.

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