Restless earth case studies

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  • Created by: Nome1
  • Created on: 13-10-16 21:15
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  • Restless earth.
    • Earthquakes
      • Haiti  2010
        • Primary impacts
          • 1 million people made homeless.
          • 50,000 people died.
        • Secondary impacts
          • Looting and stealing
          • Disease spread quick e.g cholera.
          • 1 in 5 most their jobs
        • Responses
          • Long
            • New school and home building program.
          • Short
            • 4 million given food rations
        • Causes
          • 7 on the richer scale.
          • North America and Caribbean plate.
          • Conservative plate boundary
          • Shallow earthquake.
        • Location
          • Caribbean Sea.
          • South-west of Cuba.
      • loma prieta, 1989
        • Secondary impacts
          • The cypress street overpass collapsed 41 dead
          • Gas mains,  fires broke out
        • Causes
          • San Andreas  fault line
          • Pacific and North America plate.
          • conservitive  plate boundary.
          • 6.9 on richer scale.
        • Primary impacts
          • 12,000 homeless.
          • 63 deaths
        • Management/prediction.
          • Steel and concrete shock absorbers
          • Untitled
          • disaster plan in place
    • volcanoes
      • Sakurajima, Japan
        • Managing the thret
          • Protection
            • Lava bomb shelters + concrete lahar channels.
          • Prediction
            • Tiltmeter - swelling magma chamber
          • Evacuation
            • Evacuation routes clearly labled.
        • Disadvantages
          • Pyroclastic flows, lava bombs and ash destroy homes.
          • 7000 live at base they vulnerable .
        • Extra info
          • Destructive plate boundary
          • Composite/. stratovolcano
          • Can erupt 200 times a year.
        • Advantages
          • Hot springs tourist attraction.
          • 40% of land fertile grow tea or rice
      • Mount nyragongo
        • Aid and relief
          • Short
            • In sent 260 tones of food
            • U.K. Tv  appeal.
          • Long
            • Government s all over world gave  $35 m
            • Emergency measles injections from world health org.
        • Location
          • 15km north of city goma
          • Is a strata volcano.
          • Democratic republic of congo
        • Impacts
          • 12500 homes destroyed
          • River of lava 100m wide
          • Was predicted  400000 evacuated
    • Tsunamis
      • how are they formed
        • Plates subduction and build pressure over time
        • Ruptures in ocean floor result in displacement in water.
        • When the small wave gets closer to shore friction builds wave slows but becomes bigger.
      • Example
        • Japan , March 2011
        • Earthquake 9.0 richer scale
        • Destructive  plate margin
        • 15000 dead and nuclear fallout.

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