Psychology Unit 2 Resisting Social influence

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  • Resisting Social Influence
    • Status
      • This shows  us that status of the authority figure and the setting is a key factor in obedience and its resistance
  • Resisting Obedience
    • It takes two (or three)
      • Resistance was also increased in the presence of a disobedient confederates, who provided social support  and so it made the participant more likely to resist the pressures to obey
  • When Milgrams study was moved from the uni of yale to a modest office participants felt able to resist the experimenter
    • This shows  us that status of the authority figure and the setting is a key factor in obedience and its resistance
  • Resistance was also increased in the presence of a disobedient confederates, who provided social support  and so it made the participant more likely to resist the pressures to obey
  • A question of morality
    • In Milgrams Study those who based their decisions on more advanced moral principles were more defiant .
    • Resisting Obedience
      • It takes two (or three)
    • Whereas those who obeyed the experimenter completely tended to reason at a less mature level of morality
      • In Milgrams Study those who based their decisions on more advanced moral principles were more defiant .
    • Its good to have a friend
      • This is because a fellow dissenter provides the person  with 'back up' which makes them more confident  in their own decision and it gives them confidence in the ability to reject the majority s decision
        • Asch discovered that when an ally or a friend  is intrduced to someone who also goes against the majority  caused the conformity rates to drop significantly
      • Resisting Conformity
        • Dare to be different
          • Some people follow trends to protect their individuality. Asch discovered that many of the participants persisted in giving the right answer rather agreeing with the majority, they tended to be less concerned with social norms
            • Some people go one step further and activley oppose the norm. they may be fully aware of  the majority views but their behaviour is simply motivated to oppose them.
    • This is because a fellow dissenter provides the person  with 'back up' which makes them more confident  in their own decision and it gives them confidence in the ability to reject the majority s decision
      • Asch discovered that when an ally or a friend  is intrduced to someone who also goes against the majority  caused the conformity rates to drop significantly
    • Resisting Conformity
      • Dare to be different
        • Some people follow trends to protect their individuality. Asch discovered that many of the participants persisted in giving the right answer rather agreeing with the majority, they tended to be less concerned with social norms
          • Some people go one step further and activley oppose the norm. they may be fully aware of  the majority views but their behaviour is simply motivated to oppose them.

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