Resistance To Social Influence MindMap

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  • Resistance to Social Influence
    • independent behaviour is a term that psychologists use to describe behaviour that seems not to be influenced by other people. This happens when a person resists the pressures to conform or obey
    • Social Support
      • having friends and other people, including family, to turn to in times of need or crisis to give you a broader focus and positive self-image.
      • one of Asch’s variation he showed that the presence of a dissident (a confederate who did not conform) led to a decrease in the conformity levels in true participants – this is thought to be because the presence of a dissident gave the true participant social support and made them feel more confident in their own decision and more confident in rejecting the majority position.
      • Social support also decreases obedience to authority.
      • In a variation of Milgram' study two other participants (confederates) were also teachers but refused to obey. Confederate 1 stopped at 150 volts and confederate 2 stopped at 210 volts. The presence of others who are seen to disobey the authority figure reduced the level of obedience to 10%.
    • Locus of Control
      • refers to how much control a person feels they have in their own behavior. A person can either have an internal locus of control or an external locus of control.
      • People with a strong external locus of control tend to praise or blame external factors
      • person with an internal locus of control believes that he or she can influence events and their outcomes
      • Research has shown that people with an internal locus of control tend to be less conforming and less obedient (i.e. more independent).
      • Rotter proposes that people with internal locus of control are better at resisting social pressure to conform or obey, perhaps because they feel responsible for their actions.

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