RESEARCH METHODS:Non-experimental

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  • RESEARCH METHODS:Non-experimental
    • QUALITATIVE DATA
      • SURVEYS
        • PEOPLE PARTICIPATE IN THEIR OWN TIME. THESE ARE A TYPE OF QUESTIONNAIRE WHICH GIVES THE PARTICIPANT A SET OF QUESTIONS THEY CHOOSE ANSWERS FROM EACH QUESTION.
        • CHEAPER TO CARRY OUT COMPARED TO THOSE OF EXPERIMENTAL METHODS.
        • LEADING QUESTIONS CAN CREATE A BIAS DATA
      • INTERVIEWS
        • THERE ARE STRUCTURED AND UNSTRUCTURES INTERVIEWS.
          • STRUCTURESD INTERVIEWS CONTAIN A SET OF QUESTIONS THAT THE INTEVIEWER NEEDS TO ASK THE INTERVIEWEE.
          • UNSTRUCTURED UINTERVIEWS ARE WHEN THE INTERVIEWER IS BASICALLY HAVING A CONVERSATION WITH THE INDIVIDUAL WITH NO SET QUESTIONS.
        • STRENGHTS
          • IT CAN BE SHORT OR IN-DEPT
          • STRUCTURED IS EASY TIO ANLAYZE AND COMPARE DATA.
          • DOES NOT COST MUCH MONEY TO CONDUCT.
      • OBSERVATIONS
        • A TYPE OF DATA COLLECTION THAT AIMS TO DESCRIBE BEHAVIOUR WITHOUT ESTABLISHING CAUSE AND EFFECT
        • ABALE TO GAIN RAW DATA
        • Impossible: Can we observe thoughts?
        • Impractical: Do you want to wait to observe a robbery?
        • Unethical: How does observation differ from spying?
        • Systematically record data to avoid memory biases and errors
      • CASE STUDIES
        • THESE ARE PAST WORK THAT PSYCHOLOGIST ARE ABLE TO ANALYZE AND DRAW DATA FROM THE CASE STUDY SOURCE.
        • THEY ARE ALREADY THERE
        • THEY ARE ALSO SHEEPM TO CONDUCT
        • Using a small, nonrandom sample means you can't generalize the results to other individuals
        • Lack of control group means you can't make cause effect statements because things might have turned out the way they did even without the treatment.

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