Research methods

PET

Positivists

Interpretivists

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  • Research Methods
    • PET
      • Ethical Factors
        • Protecting from harm
        • Informed consent > Rosenthal & Jacobson couldnt get informed consent as that would mean the teachers knew their experiment
        • Confidentiality
        • Vunerable groups > Dobash & Doabash studying domestic violence
        • illegality
      • Practical factors
        • Time
        • Danger to sociologists
        • Funding/money
        • Characteristics & skills of of the researcher
        • Gaining entry > took Willis 6 months to gain entry to the school.
        • Appropriate method
      • Ethical Factors
        • Validity vs Reliablity
        • Objectiveness vs subjectiveness
        • Positivism vs Interpretivism
        • Going native
        • Representiveness
        • Societal values
        • Value of sociologist
    • P & I
      • Interpretivists ("hands on" approach)
        • Wants to know why people behave the way that they do. They want to gain understanding of social behaviour.
        • Subjective
        • Observation methods
        • Unstructured interviews
        • Documents
        • Life histories
        • Data should be of high validity but arent interested in reliability
      • Positivists (Scientific method)
        • Labority methods
        • Structured interviews
        • Questionnaires
        • Social surveys
        • Interested in cause and effect: uncovering patterns and establishing correlations between variables
          • Reliablity & Objectivity important
          • See no difference between social facts and neutral facts
          • Use quantitative data

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