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  • Created by: clararose
  • Created on: 07-10-15 09:36
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  • Research Methods and Social Equalities
    • Positivism
      • Different views and understand about why people behave as they do.
      • Research should follow a systematic and logical procedures so other researches can replicate it.
      • Research should be objective and vaue-free. Should be neutral.
      • CASE STUDY: Durkheim's study of suicide (1897)
        • Suicide rates remain contestant and predictable over time.
        • Suicide rates remain constant between societies.
        • Suicide rates remain constant between social groups within the same society.
        • Suicide rate was a social factor, was shaped by the nature of society to which the individual belonged, specifically by its level of social integration and more regulation.
          • Argued that main type was called 'egoistic' suicide which was caused by too many individualism. Religion also played a massive role- Catholics was more powerful and had a stronger sense of belonging to society. Protestants where more likely to kill themselves because Catholics.
      • Keen on quantititave data that can be expressed in numerical forms and presented in graphs, tables and charts
      • Sociologists make generalisations based on the data they have collected. careful sampling methods have been devised to try to ensure that both representativeness and generalizability are possible when designing positivist research.
    • Life expectancy
      • If you are brought into wealth then you tend to die later than people who live poorer life's.
      • Income can also affect
      • Structure of society difference expectancy In the UK
        • No matter how hard you work, you may not be able to get out your situation. (diet choices, smoking, way you are brought up)
    • White Wedding   traditions
      • Draws people together. white dress (purity start a new family as a virgin). choose a church you will go back to, idolised that church is where you marry.
    • Functionalist theory
      • Scared of change so remove yourself from pac and you will feel uncomfortable. Don't like change because you socialise yourself with people you feel comfortable around.
    • Quantitative research- closed questionnaire, survey, official statics, secondary sources
      • quantitative data is anything that can be expressed in statistical or number form or can be measured in some way eg age, income
      • Positivism use quantitative numbers- statics, research, generalizable, reliable
    • Qualitive research- focus groups, observations, open questionnaires and secondary sources
      • Qualitative data is concerned with peoples feelings about some issue or event.
    • Primary Sources- Collected by the sociologists themselves- only exists because they created it.
    • Secondary Sources- data which already exists, already been collected by others. Problems: information can be unrepresentative so may not apply to whole population. Advantages: Readily available and so cheap and easy to use.


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