Research methods - primary and secondary research

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  • Research methods
    • Primary research
      • Surveys
      • Participant Observation
      • Experiments
      • Questionnaire
      • Structured interviews
      • Unstructured interviews
    • Secondary research
      • Official statistics
        • For
          • health
          • divorce
          • unemployment
          • crime
        • Collected by
          • Churches
          • Charities
          • Businesses
          • Organisations
      • Documents
        • letters
        • diaries
        • photos
        • reports
        • novels
        • newspapers
    • Choosing research methods
      • Practical considerations
        • Time and money
        • Source of finance/ funding
        • personal skills and characteristics
        • Subject matter
        • Research opportunity
      • Ethical considerations
        • Informed consent
        • confidentiality
        • effects and impact on participants
        • Vulnerable groups
        • Covert research
      • Theoretical considerations
        • Validity
        • Reliability
        • Representativeness
        • methodological perspective
        • Positivists = quantitative
        • Interpretivists = qualitative
    • Positivism
      • Macro sociology
      • Quantitative
      • Trends, patterns, statistics
      • Objective
      • Top down
      • Structural
      • Value free
    • Interpretivism
      • Micro sociology
      • Qualitative
      • Meanings and causes for individuals
      • Subjective
      • Bottom up
      • Social action
      • Value relevant

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