Repression after 1905

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  • Repression
    • Duma
      • First elected parliament
    • Executions
      • Nooses now labelled "Stolypin's neckties"
      • 3,600 sentenced to death in 1908-1909
      • Also sentenced people to hard labour in prison camps
    • Stolypin
      • Minister of the interior
      • Governor of the Saratov province during the revolution
        • Showed ruthlessness and efficiency in dealing with revolutionaries
      • Met terror with terror
      • Field court marshals (military style)
      • Destroyed the basis of revolutionary activity
        • Shut trade unions etc
      • Reactionary
      • Assassinated in 1911 by a social revolutionary
      • Reformer
        • Wanted to produce a higher class of peasant
        • Wanted to modernise Russian agriculture
          • Agricultural production rose significantly
        • Freed the peasants from the Mir
          • No longer needed the permission from the majoity of the Mir's members
        • Abolished redemption payments
        • Instructed the land bank to give loans to peasants that want to leave their communes
        • Abolished all communes that had not redistributed peasant land since the emancipation
        • Encouraged peasants to move to underdeveloped areas such as Siberia on the incentive of cheap land financed by government loans
        • By 1915 50% of peasants had ownership of their own land
        • Stunted by WW1
    • Aftermath of 1905
      • Sporadic peasant uprisings continued during 1906 and 1907
      • In 1907 over 1200 government officials were murdered in terrorist attacks
        • Fell to just over 300 in 1908 after significant repression
      • Little done to aid the working and living conditions of the workers


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