Representation of Class

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      • Media is controlled by the upper-class.
      • The media is ideological and is reflected in its portrayal of the WC.
      • GUMG - focus on the medias anti-unions attitudes.
        • Miners' strike of 1984 - pickets - violent and a threat to public order
      • Trade unions in general are presented as unreasonable and making threats.
      • Anti-union bias strengthens the employers' hands in negotiations.
      • Strikes are depicted as bad , whatever the causes.
      • Managers are also given time to explain their viewpoint and are interviewed in their offices in a calm atmosphere.
        • Whereas workers are often briefly iterviewed on the picket lines - ADDS TO THE IMPRESSIO OF MILITANCY.
    • Richard Butsch
      • Study of US TV programmes ' Ralph, Fred, Archie and Homer'
      • Argues that TV recreates the stereotype of white WC men as buffoons who are immature ad irresponsible.
    • Other working class stereotypes are sympathetic but often mocked.
      • E.G. - Only Fools and Horses Del Boy
    • Middle Class wives are preseted in a positive way, whereas WC wives tend to be invisible.
    • Barbara Ehrenreich - TV rarely represents the iterests of WC people.
    • WC men are portrayed as 'dumb, inarticulate and old-fashioned'
    • The Royle Family - Idle father and a long suffering mother with a family of couch potatoes who watch TV and wait for their numbers to come up on the lottery.
    • Soaps - WC communities - real ones have declined and fictional ones have multiplied.
    • People often become attached to the characters in soaps - Marxists see this as another form of alienation and source of false consciousness.


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