- Renaissance Medicine Individuals - Ambroise Pare
- Was born in France in 1510, and first trained to be a barber surgeon in Paris.
- On one occasion where Pare was cauterising gunshot wounds on the battlefields, he ran out of oil. With no other valid options, Pare uses an old Greek remedy of egg yolk, rose oil and turpentine. It was called a soothing balm. Pare found that the soldiers he had applied the soothing balm to recovered well and survived, unlike those whose wounds had been cauterised.
- In 1545 Pare wrote and published a book called 'Methods of Treating Gunshot Wounds' after discovering how well the soothing balm worked. In 1575, he writes another book titled 'Works of Surgery' which includes his work with ligatures and prosthetic limbs.
- Pare also tackled the problem of blood loss. Pare invented ligatures, which was like a stitch to tie the arteries together after amputation. However, as the cause of the spread of disease was unknown, Pare used the same needle and silk on different patients, which could have made them ill.
- Pare revolutionised surgery to make it much safer and also was the first to introduce prosthetic limbs.
- In 1536 Pare began working as a surgeon on battlefields. During that time, gunshot wounds were treated by cauterisation.
- Cauterisation involved pouring boiling oil onto a wound. It was an extremely painful process and often worsened the condition of the patient.