Ayer (Proof and Religious Language)

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  • Created by: gracetsp
  • Created on: 11-06-13 16:25
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  • Religious Language and proof
    • Logical Positivism
      • Empiricist. tradition of John Locke and Hume - rejects synthetic and a priori knowledge
        • Closely linked with Humanist Movement - rejection of religion
          • The World is a totality of facts
      • "God Exists"= empirical hypothesis - no evidence for or against
      • "Does God exist" - not analytical proposition
    • Proof
      • Logical Positivism
        • Empiricist. tradition of John Locke and Hume - rejects synthetic and a priori knowledge
          • Closely linked with Humanist Movement - rejection of religion
            • The World is a totality of facts
        • "God Exists"= empirical hypothesis - no evidence for or against
        • "Does God exist" - not analytical proposition
      • Logical necessities ( 2 + 2 = 4)
      • a posteriori synthetic
      • Against Teleological/ Ontological (lack of proof)
        • Evolution/Hume
        • Ontological - Kant - Existence is not a predicate
    • Theists/Atheists
      • Ayer's argument is just as fatal for atheism and agnosticism as it is for religious belief
      • Anselm: God = anayltic statement (no evidence required) - Hume all statements about existence = synthetic
        • Theists shoot themselves in foot. "God is beyond human understanding" - makes him unintelligable
          • "A transcendent God does not exist" = just as nonsensical as "Transcendent God exists"
            • Ayer's argument is just as fatal for atheism and agnosticism as it is for religious belief
        • Regularity in the world
          • God apparent in regularit of nature - doesnt tell us anything more then the fact regularit is present in nature. Link to Humes critique of Design argument
            • God cannot be defined through his apparent manifestations

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