Religious believers should be pacifist

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  • Religious believers should be pacifist
    • If they didn't fight when their religion was persecuted, it may die out entirely
    • Jesus put people first before rules (e.g. don't hurt others)
    • We can still be just without adhering to pacifism
    • Pacifism has worked before:
      • Martin Luther King Jr's nonviolent resistance against racial segregation laws in the 60's USA earned black people more equal treatment
      • Gandhi used ahimsa (absence of the desire to harm) and Satyagraha (civil disobedience and noncooperation with evil) to win Britain's respect and India's freedom
    • Catholic Workers Movement- peace is freedom from violence and social injustice
    • Preferential pacifism- at some point, the welfare of the oppressed becomes more important
    • Pope Paul VI- "to struggle against injustice is to promote the common good"
    • Life is sacred- we should not destroy it
    • "Thou shalt not kill" and "Love your enemies" are self-explanatory!
    • How can we "Love our neighbour" if we do not fight to protect them?
      • But there's always nonviolent solutions, like peace talks and economic sanctions...
        • But this doesn't always work. Nazi Germany refused to make peace before WW2, despite numerous attempts
    • All modern warfare involves the deaths of innocents- this is morally unjustifiable
    • Matthew 26:52- "Those who live by the sword, die by the sword"
    • We are all equally worthy of life. Acaranga Sutra- "all beings are fond of life, like pleasure and hate pain"
    • War goes against Natural Law's precepts- there's no guarantee innocent life will be safe, society is disrupted, as is education, and God isn't worshipped through annihilating His creations!
    • Situation Ethics, sometimes, war may be the most loving thing, e.g. to save the innocent from suffering
    • Matthew 5:9- "Blessed are the peacemakers"
    • Only God can take life. Job 1:21- "the Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away"
    • Fighting war shows that we have no faith that God will right wrongs
      • But no action will result in more deaths and suffering!
    • Isaiah 2:4- "Nation will not take up sword against nation"
      • But this may be just an ideal for now- some war may be fought first to reach this point
    • War may be the lesser of two evils; the means of establishing peace
    • There are holy wars, e.g. the Crusades
  • Martin Luther King Jr's nonviolent resistance against racial segregation laws in the 60's USA earned black people more equal treatment

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