Religious Organisations

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  • Religious Organisations
    • Church
      • Claim a monopoly of the truth. They clam there position is true & views of religious groups are false.
        • They draw all members from all classes
          • They dont demand a lot from members
    • Denomination
      • They are similar to churches - hierarchy of paid officials - not difficult to become a member. More support from W/C.
      • Similar norms and values of society. Although, Methodist are discouraged from drinking and gambling.
      • Not connected to the state . Denominations are not universal and relfect view of a small minority.
      • Exclusive membership - appeals to w/c women - appeals to elderly - doesn't have a monopoly of the truth
    • Sect
      • Smaller  organisation o Not connected to the state and tend to have different values from wider society.
      • Members must show deep commitment + follow strict rules imposed on them
      • Claim a monopoly of the truth
      • Weber - sects tended to develop among marginalized groups, people outside mainstream life who felt they did not receive any status + economic reward
      • Defeats in war and natural disasters is causing more people to turn to new religious groups.
      • Sects offer: spiritual wholeness, arise in periods of rapid change - membership is voluntary - has a charismatic leader -
    • Cult
      • Don't usually believe in God. Accept and tolerate beliefs of other groups
      • Rather than having believers they have 'customers' who buy the service of the organisation but are not required to have deep commitment
      • Stark + Bainbridge - Audience cult - little commitment and a form of entertainment.Client cult - offer services to those who are seen as customers e.g. Scientology. Cult movement - members expected to give up some of there life for the complete spiritual package e.g. what happens after death.
      • Cults break away from existing religion and have devised new sets of beliefs. It is all about self improvement, It is an open membership. You have to pay to join - usually m/c. Tend to be women as they want to be more successful.
    • NRM
      • WORLD REJECTING - beliefs are critical of the outside world, seek radical change, devote themselves to religion e,g. peoples temple. WORLD AFFIRMING - some don't believe in god, offer followers access to supernatural powers, practifce meditation e.g. sciencetology make themselves more sucessfull. WORLD ACCOMODATING - off shoots of a church or denomination - seek to retsore spirituality to religion thats lost commitment to core values.  e.g. pentacostalism.
        • Growth of NRM - 1. growth of higher education - more time to experiment
    • NAM
      • Refers to sets of beliefs + actvities which contain spirtiual element but are not organised in the same way as traditional religion.
        • Growth in NAM - 1. appeals to m/c who have experienced personal development. 2. through self improvement you can achieve perfection.


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