Religious Language Part 1

  • Created by: _bella_
  • Created on: 01-02-19 14:00
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  • Religious Lang. Part 1
    • Strength + Weak Verification Principle
      • Proposed by Ayer
      • Strong- occurs when there is no way a statement is false, such as 'The Pope is Catholic'
      • Weak- occurs when there isn't complete certainty it is true, but strong certainty is is true to evidence 'Ted Bundy killed over 30 women'
    • Criticism of Verification Principle
      • It makes meaningless statements seem unmeaningful, despite that not being it
      • Can be proven as, as a theory it cannot be proven
      • Statements which express unverifiable/ emotions are seen as meaningless despite being used in all forms of soc.
      • Ethical/ Moral statements are seen as meaningless, such as "I love you"
      • Laws of science can't be proven true
      • Historical statements can't be proven as people who experienced it are dead
    • Verification Principle
      • Used by Logical Positivists
      • For statements to be seen as meaningful it should be proved empirically
      • Ayer- Existence of God can't be rationally proven, statements about God can't be proven/ falsified, thus they aren't valid
      • Analytical Statements- True by def. (a Priori) , such as ' a spinster is an unmarried woman'
      • Mathematical Statements-Ayer saw inconsistencies in maths as products of human error instead of difference in facts. If 5+5=9 one would recalculate to find error
      • Synthetic Statement- statements can be verified/ falsified, they are a posteriori statements which are proven empirically
    • Falsification Principle
      • Hick: In order to say something which may possibly be true, we must say something which may be possible
      • Proposed by Karl Popper
      • For something to be scientific it should be proven false
    • Alternatives to Falsification Princple
      • R.M Hare- blik 'ways of regarding the world which are in principle neither verifiable or falsifiable'
      • Basil Mitchell- Parable of the Partisan and the Stranger: religious believers accept beliefs will be challenged but make up explanations which suit them
    • The Via Negativa
      • We can't describe God in factual terms because it reduces his divinity to a human level
      • Language is dynamic and makes speaking of God more problematic
      • Suggests the truth about God can be speaking about him in a negative way
      • Used Dionysius to find out what God was like by finding out how He isn't
      • Principle of negation

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