Religious Language part 1

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  • Created by: Annetta
  • Created on: 11-10-16 17:15
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  • Religious Language pt 1
    • VIA NEGATIVA
      • refusal to use any positive language about God at all
      • Plotinus - God is so beyond our ability to grasp, we can only say that God isn't what everyone claims him to be. He is more than whatever is said of him
      • St Thomas Aquinas - to say God is all these negative things still helps us to understand something about him
      • strengths
        • allows things to be said about God without implying that the finite can grasp the infinite
          • more respectful. Maimonides argued positive statements about God = improper. Don't fully convey the idea we need
      • weaknesses
        • assumes an idea of God
        • may lead some to conclude that lang can't be described as there's nothing to describe
    • FALSIFICATION PRINCIPLE
      • assessing whether statements are genuine scientific assertions by considering if any evidence can disprove it
      • Karl Popper - origins of the principle. ANy theory that is impossible to prove is no valid theory at all
      • Anthony Flew - when we say something is true, we are also denying the opposite. ''tigers have stripes'' - ''tigers do not have stripes''.
        • Gardener Parable - ''just how does what you call an invisible... gardener differ from an imaginary gardener... or no gardener at all?''
      • John Hick - religious beliefs are based on reason e.g. religious experience
    • VERIFICATION PRINCIPLE
      • Vienna Circle - Logical Positivists
        • claimed the existence of God is a meaningless issue
      • WEAK VERIFICATION PRINCIPLE
        • weaknesses
          • there's no empirical evidence to support the verification principle!
          • not consistent with modern science. Atoms which once didn't exist have now been proven= verifiable
  • religious believers are not blind to the problems of faith. they see problems and accept evidence against it yet faith is continuous
    • Basil Mitchell - DISAGREES WITH FLEWS ANALOGY

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