Religious Language

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  • Religious Language
    • verificationism
      • from cognitivism, which expresses facts and knowledge.
        • factual. subject to proof
        • non - cognitivism - expression of concepts that we could never know.
          • subjective - about us and the responses under the form of emotions
      • in order to prove something true, it needs to be logical and scientifically tested
        • has to be conclusively verifiable
          • if not, it is meaningless
          • analytic propositions
            • true by definitions (maths or science)
          • synthetic propositions
            • true by confirmation of the senses (feelings)
      • Ayer
        • religious language not verifiable
          • no plausible claims
        • weak verification principle
          • we might know things by setting up standards for satisfactory verifications
      • criticism
        • we are not able to verify everything. Eg History
        • eschatological verifiability
        • verificationist claim cannot itself be verified analytically or empirically
    • falsificationism
      • idea that any positive claim we make also assumes that we deny its negation
        • scientific terms can be falsified
        • religious langages - cannot be falsifiable and everything would be considered as meaningless
    • language games
      • Wittgenstein
      • there is a fundamental language for everything
        • we understand the language only if we understand the context of the words
        • there might be conventiona or unconventional ways to talk about God
      • Criticism
        • relativistic, allowing that any claims are equally valid
        • irrationalism and blind faith - no reason used


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