Religious/crime changes

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  • Religious and crime changes 1509-1625
    • Henry VIII
      • 1509-1545
      • Protestant
      • had arguements with the Catholic church about his marriage and divorce.
      • declared himself head of the Catholic church
      • closed down Catholic monasteries and seized their wealth and land
      • Both Protestants and Catholics were punished as criminals during Henry's time as king.
        • Protestants were executed or heresy.
          • Catholics were executed for treason - as they would not take the Oath of Supremacy.
            • to acknowlege that Henry was head of the Church
    • Edward VI
      • Protestant
      • 1547-1553
      • introduced a prayer book written in English
        • allowed Priests to marry and made Church interiors plainer
          • typically Protestant
            • introduced a prayer book written in English
              • allowed Priests to marry and made Church interiors plainer
                • typically Protestant
        • Some Catholic Bishops were imprisoned in the Tower of London.
      • Mary I
        • Catholic
        • 1553-1558
        • She was a strict Catholic like her husband.
        • tried to restore the Catholic church of England
        • made the Pope the head of the Church of England
        • Almost 300 people were executed as heretics for refusing to follow the Catholic faith
      • Elizabeth I
        • Protestant
        • 1558-1603
        • tried to find the middle between Catholicism and Protestantism
        • several laws about religion
          • 1) The Act of Uniformity - everyone had to go to church on Sundays or else pay a fine
            • 1569 - Catholic rebellion --> Pope was excommunicated and many Catholics were prosecuted. Hundreds of rebels were executed.
          • 2) The Act of Supremacy - reintroduced the Oath of Supremacy
          • Mary I's harsh heresy laws were repealed.
      • James I
        • Protestant
        • 1603-1625
        • was tolerant of Catholics until the Gunpowder plot in 1605
        • created strict anti-Catholic laws and made sure they paid heavy fines for not attending Church

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