Religion and Philosophy Unit 2 (Religion, War and Peace)

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  • Created by: Prachanna
  • Created on: 15-04-13 20:39
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  • Religion, War and Peace
    • Key words:
      • Peace: Absence of war and harmony among people
      • Justice: what is truthfully right. Individuals' lives are protected by the law
      • Sanctity of life: Life is precious as it is a gift from god , therefore it should not be wasted
    • Causes of War:
      • Defence against an invader
      • Defence for religion, freedom or way of life
      • Pre-emptive strike to avoid attacks
      • To remove an unfair ruler (Libya, Syria and Egypt)
      • To end injustice (genocide)
    • Religions' supporting war
      • Just War theory
        • Set of rules enabling a religion or believer go to war (especially Christians)
        • The fighters are looking for  justice and fight fairly
        • The just war should:
          • Have a good and just cause
          • Be a last resort (everything else must be tried first)
          • Be winnable
          • Be conducted fairly (e.g. civilians must not be harmed)
          • Promote good over evil
      • Holy War
        • These wars are fought on behalf of religions
        • It has religious aims and goals
        • Those taking part believe they will be rewarded spiritually (e.g. going to heaven/paradise after death)
        • EXAMPLES: CRUSADES
      • Jihad
        • Arabic term for struggle
        • Qur'an allow Muslims to fight in self-defence
        • Jihad must:
          • Be controlled by religious leaders
          • Have a just cause
          • Avoid suffering to civilian
          • Not to be fought to gain land
          • Aim for peace
    • Religions' teach Peace
      • Christianity
        • "if someone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him on the other" and "Love thy neighbour"
        • "Love thy neighbour"
        • One of ten commandments say "You shall not kill"
      • Islam
        • The root word of Islam means peace
        • Qur'an teaches that peace is better than fighting
    • What can be done:
      • Red Cross and Red Crescent: They help victims of war and provide humanitarian aid
      • The United Nations (UN) : Help to establish peace and to protect human rights in Warzones. They might use military support to end wars and protect civilians
      • Gandhi: Hindu, who used non-violence to help free India from Britain. Peaceful resistance and protest
    • War in todays World
      • Terrorism: Often small groups that use violence to create fear. They target civilian
      • Nuclear Weapons
        • Good deterrent to avoid people from attacking, and people will that a nuclear attack will provoke a nuclear war and destroy both sides
        • They are morally wrong and can harm people, land and water for hundreds-thousands of years. The cost a fortune to make and this money can be spent in better ways
  • Muslims believe that Jihad is just like a JUST WAR
    • Jihad
      • Arabic term for struggle
      • Qur'an allow Muslims to fight in self-defence
      • Jihad must:
        • Be controlled by religious leaders
        • Have a just cause
        • Avoid suffering to civilian
        • Not to be fought to gain land
        • Aim for peace
  • ALL RELIGIONS PROMOTE PEACE: "TREAT OTHERS AS YOU WISH TO BE TREATED"
    • Religions' teach Peace
      • Christianity
        • "if someone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him on the other" and "Love thy neighbour"
        • "Love thy neighbour"
        • One of ten commandments say "You shall not kill"
      • Islam
        • The root word of Islam means peace
        • Qur'an teaches that peace is better than fighting
    • Buddhism
      • Compassion, peace and non-violence are important for Buddhists
      • First precept-- "I will not harm any living things"
  • These teachings encourage some religious believers to become pacifists and that justice and peace can be achieved by using non violent methods-- Gandhi and Martin Luther King
    • Buddhism
      • Compassion, peace and non-violence are important for Buddhists
      • First precept-- "I will not harm any living things"
  • WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction)- weapons that can kill many people (e.g. atomic/nuclear bomb)
    • War in todays World
      • Terrorism: Often small groups that use violence to create fear. They target civilian
      • Nuclear Weapons
        • Good deterrent to avoid people from attacking, and people will that a nuclear attack will provoke a nuclear war and destroy both sides
        • They are morally wrong and can harm people, land and water for hundreds-thousands of years. The cost a fortune to make and this money can be spent in better ways

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