Medical Ethics

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  • Medical Ethics
    • Genetic engineering
      • The Law
        • It is allowed in the UK as long as the potential risks have been fully assesed
      • Most Christians: it is against Gods natural law.
        • "God was pleased with all he made"
        • Playing God
        • “Consider what God has done: Who can straighten what he has made crooked?”
      • Some Christians: it is practical
        • E.g. insulin produced by GM bacteria has saved human lives.
        • If it can provide cures/ avoid horrible illnesses, surely it is good?
          • Jesus healed people
    • Euthanasia
      • The Law
        • Currently illegal in the UK
          • Passive euthanasia (i.e. letting someone die) is legal
        • Some countries have official clinics
          • Switzerland
          • Belgium
          • Japan
      • Roman Catholics: absolutely wrong!
        • "Thou shalt not kill"
        • People should die when God, and God alone, decides
          • "God gives and God takes away"
        • Acceptable if "the lesser of two evils"
          • E.g. if a necessary painkiller may lead to premature death.
      • Methodists: although it should be avoided, it may be necessary sometimes
        • Die with dignity
        • "Why on earth we kept a human being alive against his will when all the dignity, beauty and meaning of life had vanished"
      • Church of England: rarely acceptable
        • We should provide care and kindness for the elderly or dying.
          • Methodists: although it should be avoided, it may be necessary sometimes
            • Die with dignity
            • "Why on earth we kept a human being alive against his will when all the dignity, beauty and meaning of life had vanished"
          • Hospices
          • Counselling
          • Visits from friends and family
        • "Love thy neighbour"
        • Life shouldn't be disposable
        • Passive euthanasia may be acceptable sometimes
    • Fertility treatment
      • The Law
        • Sperm and egg donors must remain anonymous.
        • Commercial surrogacy is illegal
        • Embryos can be frozen and experimented on
        • Treatment must be supervised by the government.
      • Roman Catholics: it is all wrong!
        • Surrogacy and donors involve a third person
          • "Mechanical adultery"
          • "Thou shalt not commit adultery"
        • Childless couples may be part of gods plan
          • "God gives and god takes away"
        • Against natural law.
      • Church of England: It is okay except for surrogacy
        • "Be fruitful and multiply"
        • Life comes from God, so surely creating life is good
        • Surrogacy involves another person to too great an extent
          • "It strikes the heart of the family"
          • "Mechanical adultery"
      • Some other Christians: All is acceptable
        • "Do to others as you would have them do to you"
        • If parents are prepared to go through it, they will really love the child.
    • Abortion
      • Roman Catholics: absolutely wrong!
        • "thou shalt not kill"
        • If you cannot cope with the child, adopt rather than abort.
        • Life begins at the moment of conception.
      • Church of England: it is to be avoided
        • Sometimes acceptable.
          • In cases of rape
          • If the baby would be severely disabled
          • The mother is at risk.
        • "love one another"
        • Jesus showed compassion to others.
      • Quaker: It is the mother's decision
        • Everyone is equal and free to make their own life decisions
          • "You are all one in Christ Jesus"
          • Jesus helped people
        • Pacifists would discourage death or unnecessary suffering
      • The Law
        • At least two doctors must agree it is necessary
        • It must occur in a hospital or licensed clinic
        • The foetus must be 24 weeks or younger
    • Cloning
      • The Law
        • Reproductive cloning is illegal
        • Therapeutic cloning is legal to create/investigate cures for disease
          • Diabetes
          • Alzheimer's
          • Parkinson's
          • Licence required
      • Roman Catholics: It is wrong!
        • Playing God
        • "God gives and god takes away"
        • Embryos would be manipulated or destroyed
          • Life starts at conception
      • Church of England: If it is used responsibly, it is okay
        • Jesus tried to help to cure people
        • "Love thy neighbour"
        • Bone marrow or organs could potentially save many lives
          • Less risk of rejection
          • Doesn't rely on others dying
    • Vivisection
      • Dominionists: we can use animals as we like!
        • "Rule over the fish of the ocean and the birds of the sky"
        • Human life is more valuable than animals lives.
          • "Made in Gods image"
          • God gives us souls- breath of God
      • Stewards: Animals should be treated well
        • "A man may be worth many sparrows, but even a sparrow does not die unnoticed in the eyes of God"
        • God was pleased with all of his creation, so we should respect it.
        • Human life is more valuable than animals lives.
          • "Made in Gods image"
          • God gives us souls- breath of God
      • St Francis of Assisi: animals are our equals
        • Animals have souls
        • Preached to wildlife
      • The Law
        • All new drugs must be tested on at least two different species of live mammal
        • Licences must be obtained
          • Potential benefits must be outlined

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