Religion and Morality

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Rachel
  • Created on: 20-03-14 20:19
View mindmap
  • Religion and Morality
    • Quotes
      • Plato:"Consider this question: Is what is pious loved by God because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved by God?"
      • Rachels: "To be a moral agent is to be an autonomous or self-directed agent"
      • Emily Bruner: "The Good consists in always doing what God wills at any particular moment"
      • A.J Ayer: "no authority can be founded on authority even if the authority were divine"
      • Dostoevsky: "without God everything is permissible"
        • Divine Command Theory: God is an absolute necessity for morality
        • Without religion, what reason is there fore being good?
      • H.P Owen "It is impossible to think of a command without a commander"
      • Newman: "feelings of responsibility and guilt point towards God."
      • Dawkins "Religion is a Virus"
      • Lucretius "such evil things could religion provoke"
    • Tillich
      • Theonomy: and ethic given by God
      • Heteronomy: an ethic imposed by an external source
      • Autonomy: an ethic from within, developed by ourselves
    • Morality is dependent of religion
      • goodness is something intrinsic to God by definiton -thus God is good and therefore morality is dependent of religion
      • Divine Command Theory: God is an absolute necessity for morality
      • Without religion, what reason is there fore being good?
      • Religion provides reason to be morals - logical to suggest that if morality and morals are decided upon by judgement and reason , then its rational that morality is dependent of religion
      • God is moral - "created mankind in his own image" - human reason is absorbed into moralities essence
      • Order of Being and Order of Knowledge
      • Removal of religion = removal of morals? E.G Nazi Germany and Stalin's Russia
      • Kant's Summum Bonum
    • Morality is independent of religion
      • humans obey God out of fear of punishment - not because its moral
        • Kant argued this shouldn't be motivation for moral judgement
      • James Rachels - Obedience is not a moral agent
        • Commander and follower example
      • Russell - religion prevents us from progressing and stands in the way of knowledege and truth - including the knowledge and truth about morality
        • Dawkins "Religion is a Virus"
      • Mroals change over time - religion is unchaning
      • Kierkegaard - Abraham and Isaac - God's morality is twisted?
    • Euthrypho Dilema
      • Are actions moral because God says they are, or are they moral within themselves?
        • Absolute moral laws that even God is subjected too
        • Which commands which?
    • Hume - Religion causes immorality? - Terrorism
      • Lucretius "such evil things could religion provoke"
    • Different Religious truths - cant come from the same source

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Philosophy resources:

See all Philosophy resources »See all Morality resources »