Religion and Development

  • Created by: Anjalee
  • Created on: 04-01-13 10:50
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  • Religion and Development
    • Hinduism and Consumerism
      • Nanda observes that Indians are becoming more religious. Increased interest in religion has been reflected in a dramatic growth of religious tourism (visits to shrines and temples.) It is becoming fashionable to be religious.
      • Also Hinduism is a polytheistic religion, allowing Hindu's to choose which God to worship. Nanda argues that Hindu's increasing religiosity is the result of their ambivalence about their new found wealth.
    • Hindu ultra-nationalism
      • 93% of Indians agreed that their 'culture is superior to others.' The worship of Hindu Gods has become the same as worshipping the nation of India.
      • Hindu sciences such as astrology are being taught. The Ministry of Defence sponsors the research and development of magical weapons mentioned in ancient Hindu texts.
    • Capitalism in East Asia
      • Increasingly, religious beliefs help to accelerate capitalism in the ‘Tiger Economies’ of the East. Redding describes the spirit of capitalism amongst the Chinese, where their values encourage hard work, self-discipline and self-improvement similar to the protestant ethic.
    • Pentecostalism in Latin America
      • Like Calvinism, Berger believes that Pentecostalism demands an ascetic way of life.  He concludes that it has a strong affinity with modern capitalism.
      • Pentencostalism: global and local
        • Lehmann attributes the success of Pentecostalism and its ability to incorporate local beliefs. It has been successful in developing countries because it is able to appeal particularly to the poor and it uses global communications media to spread its message.


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