Religion, Peace and Conflict

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  • Religion, Peace and Conflict
    • Pacifism
      • The belief that all conflict can be resolved peacefully, without violence.
      • Pacifists are 'conscientious objectors'- refuse to take part in violence.
        • Absolute Pacifists- No violence, even in self defense, is acceptable.
        • Selective Pacifists- Opposed to violence on large degrees- wars that use WOMD.
        • Conditional Pacifists- Only believe in war/violence when it is the lesser of two evils.
    • Causes of War
      • To oppose human rights violations
      • To remove a dictator/unlawful ruler
      • To gain land, money, power or oil
      • Retaliation
    • Just War Theory
      • proportional response
      • Fought discriminately- doesn't hurt innocent civillians
      • All other options have been addressed (last resort)
      • Any harm done must be less than the harm being prevented
      • A valid/good reason- to save someone
      • must have a chance of being won- otherwise lives lost pointlessly.
    • Holy War
      • People believe god is on their side.
      • Usually have been to convert people- the crusades in the 13th century in Palestine.
    • Christian Teachings
      • Jesus taught and demonstrated peace.
        • "Put your sword back in its place" -Matthew 26:52
        • Blessed are the peacemakers- Matthew 5:9
      • Most Christians are for passive resistance to injustice- non violent protest.
        • MLK was a Baptist minister who led the civil rights movement with this method.
      • The Quakers are absolute pacifists
        • Nearly all Christians reject Holy War- they've caused a lot of devastation before (Palestine crusades)
      • Some denominations ,such as Catholicism, accept Just War Theory.
        • "Love thy neighbour" Mark 12:31, suggests you should defend and protect someone in danger
      • Against terrorism and indiscriminate killing
    • Muslim teachings
      • You should be peaceful and kind to everyone, as Allah sees everything and judges everything
      • Most disagree with pacifism as in the Qur'an war can be justified in self defence
        • "Allah does not like transgressors"
          • A transgressor is someone who oversteps boundaries.
      • Part of Jihad is military Jihad- Harb al-Maquadis.
        • This is acceptable and to defend Islam
          • "Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah" The Qur'an
        • This is similar to Just War. The conditions-
          • has to be for a just cause- to fight tyranny/injustice
          • It is justified if an Islamic country is assaulted.
          • If the opposition surrenders, it must be accepted
          • Jihad should not be used to convert
          • The hadih says women, children and the elderly should not be killed. Fruit bearing trees shouldn't be cut down.
          • Must be declared by a religious leader and be in the name of Allah
    • Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • This is acceptable and to defend Islam
    • "Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah" The Qur'an
  • Chemical
    • Weapons of Mass Destruction
    • toxic chemicals dropped
  • leave large amounts of radiation

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