AQA A2 Sociology- Religion in a Global Context

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  • Created on: 02-06-16 10:21
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  • Religion on a Global Context
    • India: Nanda
      • Globalisation has led to rapid economic growth = people can prosper.
      • The increased wealth has led to a huge scientific educated urban M/C but they haven't abandoned their faith.
      • Their wealth is contradictory to their religion as they are taught to live a non-materialistic life so to do this they give much of their wealth away to charities. This explains why many Indians are still religious.
    • Globalisation: The increase in interconnectivness in the world
    • East Asia
      • China is rapidly growing as a economic superpower, and their belief system has helped.
      • Redding:China doesn't have a dominat faith and many beleive in Confucianism. But their faith encourages hard work, self disicpine, committment to education and self-improvment.
        • These values have led to economic productivity and accumulation in China.
    • Latin America- Pentecostalism
      • This belief system encourages self-disicpline, hard work and abstinence from alcohol.
      • The belief system has helped Latin America grow and prosper economically.
      • Eval: Berger says that a belief system alone can't aid economic growth. E.g. in Brazil there are 80 million followers of Pentecostalism but becuase of the lack of resoruces they are economically backward and living in poverty.
    • Fundamentalism
      • Giddens: fundamentalists are traditionalists who want to take society back to the fundamentals of their faith.
        • Eval: fundamentalists reject modernity but use modern  technology to spred their ideas.
      • Bauman: People are attracted to fundamentalism beacuse of the growth in postmodernism- people feel overwelmed with choice and fundamentalsists offer absolute certinity and truth.
    • Cultural Defence: Bruce
      • Religion has a functional role as a cultural defence
      • Poland: Defence from the rule of Communism- the Catholic Church remained their soruce of social identity.
      • Iran: Defence from the west- Islam became more important to people when times got worse, leading to a revolution in 1979.
    • Clash of Civilisations
      • In recent years religion has been in the centre of many conflicts.
      • Huntington: the fall of Communism in 1991 has intensified the conflicts and what we see today is the 'wider clash of civilisations.' Religion can create social cohesion but also conflict.
      • Eval:
        • Jackson- his work can be seen as an example of orientalism = a westen society stereotyping a eastern society as untrustworthy and inferior.
        • Casanova- He ignores conflicts inside societies.
        • Inglehrart adn Norris- the real issues is the divide in sexuality- weatern socityieas re more libver but muslim countries aren't. there is a lack of global agreement on self expression etc causing conflciut.

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