Religion in Nazi Germany

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  • Created by: Emily903
  • Created on: 13-06-16 17:39
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  • Religion in Nazi Germany
    • Reasons for keeping the church
      • Church values e.g. about family
      • Church support = Nazi support
      • Effective public speakers
      • Church could be used to teach Nazi ideals
      • Smoke screen for Nazi policies
      • Churches feared communism as it was based on atheism and Hitler hated communism
    • Reasons for destroying the church
      • Hitler wanted to be the only leader
      • Churches promoted equality
      • Churches believed peace should be strived for and that the strong should protect the weak
    • The Church did not support the Weimar Republic as it did not do enough to promote religion
      • Instead the republic was concern with material things
      • After 1929 the republic was struggling to survive so why try to save it?
    • Concordat 1933: Nazi authorities and the Catholic Church signed an agreement
      • On the surface there appeared to be cooperation between the church and state from 1933 onwards
    • Catholics accepted the Nazi party partly on the understanding that they would be left alone, but attacked the government for their human rights breeches
    • Faith Movement: Pagan anti-Christian organisation which Hitler gave permission for it to be set and produced a journal
    • Reich Church 1933: made up of about 2000 Protestant Churches, supported the Nazis, led by Ludwig Muller and some members wore Nazi uniforms and called themselves German Christians
    • Confessional Church 1934: made up of about 6000 Protestant Churches, opposed the Nazis, led by Martin Niemoller and were repressed by the Nazis
      • Many Priests that spoke out against the Nazis were arrested and sent to concentration camps and some were executed
      • Pastor Niemoller originally supported the Nazis until the Reich Church was set up in 1934


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