Religion and social stability

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  • Religion and social stability
    • The argument that religion is a conservative force in society come from structure theorists
      • Consensus Views: Functionalist and Neo-Functionalism
      • Conflict Approaches: Feminist, Marxism and Neo-Functionalist
        • Each of these  perspective takes the vieews that religion  functions to encorage social stability, although they disagree about whether this benifits everyone in society
          • Consensus Views: Functionalist and Neo-Functionalism
    • Functionalism
      • Durkheim (1912) said that religion teaches people the moral norms and values
        • Which is needed to stick to the collective conscience
          • Which maintains social order
        • Therefore he saw the conservative nature of religion in a positive light, encouraging social harmony
          • It means that society is safe from rapid social change, such as revolution
            • Which brings anomie, leading to a total breakdown of social order
      • Neo Functionalism
        • Belllah (1970) civil religion acts as a conservative force in modern multicultural society
          • It binds people together  of different faiths, reinforcing the collective conscience
            • Civil religion promotes social solidarity by blending faith and patriotism
              • Belllah (1970) civil religion acts as a conservative force in modern multicultural society
                • It binds people together  of different faiths, reinforcing the collective conscience
                  • Civil religion promotes social solidarity by blending faith and patriotism
                    • An example would be they way American School children put there hand on there heart and swear allegiance t o the flag and to God
                • An example would be they way American School children put there hand on there heart and swear allegiance t o the flag and to God
            • Evaluation
              • Marxists argue that the working class does not benefit from the status quo
          • Feminists
            • They assert that religion socialists women to conform ti patriarchal norms
              • Religious texts say male superiority
                • For Example the Koran that "men are in charge of women ... hence good women are obedient"
                • Feminists disagree therefore, with the functionalists view that in maintaining the status quo, religion benefits society as a whole
                  • They argue that women do not benefit as they are oppressed in the male dominated world advocated by traditional religions
                    • And that men use religious texts to litigate women subordination and preserve their own social advantages
          • Marxism
            • Marx (1957)  though that religion is a tool employed by the ruling class to prevent mass rebellion that would free the working class being wage slaves
              • He believed that radical social change would change would transform society into a Communist Utopia
                • Religion, then, was starving off this revolution
                  • It is used by the ruling class as they alone benifit from society staying as it is
                    • Classless Communism would mean that resources are shared equally, which threatens the ruling class monopoly on wealth and power
            • Evaluation
              • Functionalists argue that  the working class doses benefit from capitalism
                • Successful business provide jobs with varying levels of ability

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