Religion and Morality are linked

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  • Created by: debbz789
  • Created on: 11-10-15 14:37
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  • Religion and Morality are Linked
    • Divine Command Ethics
      • God alone decides what's right or wrong
        • Religious Texts give reasons the law should be obeyed
          • In a world of DCE and no God, everything is permitted
        • "Sin is disobedience to the commands of God" - A.G.Grayling
      • If one is being good due to fear of punishment, is one being good?
        • "Morality must not lower herself. Her own nature must be her recommendation. All else, even divine reward, is nothing beside her." - Kant
    • Conscience
      • Conscience comes from God
        • St Paul - sees conscience as awareness of of what is good and bad but can be mistaken
        • Augustine of Hippo - conscience as a tool for observing the law of God and God speaking to us
        • St Thomas Aquinas - device for deciding what's right or wrong, people want to be good and when wrong they persuaded an apparent good.
        • Joseph Butler - Conscience as final moral decision maker. Human influenced by benevolence and self-love, conscience encourages benevolence. Conscience must be obeyed.
          • "Our natural guide, assigned to us by the author of nature
    • Moral Arguments
      • Moral arguments argue from the idea that, as Doestoevsky says, "If there is no God, then everything is permissible.”
        • Kant - not an argument, said it was necessary to postulate a God but could not prove it
        • H.P.Owen - "impossible to think of Commands without thinking of a commander"
        • John Henry Newman - feeling of guilt means someone knows what we've done is wrong - good
          • "This implies that there is one to whom we are responsible." Newman
        • William Lane Craig - If God doesn't exist then Objective Moral facts wouldn't exist, they do - God exists
    • Natural Moral Law
      • Aristotle suggests that everything is aimed at an ultimate goal, suggesting there is a natural Law that governs living things.
        • This means that everything will benefit if it strives to fulfill it's purpose and a thing is 'good' when it can reach it's goal easily and efficiently
        • Aquinas saw Natural Law as created from God. Aquinas thought that we were able to discover our purpose using intellectual abilities
          • 1) We should act virtuously 2) Avoid sin or failing our purpose       3) Have fruitful marriages    4) Seek to learn about the world     5) Worship God


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